The diesel cars in Europe has risen to around 50% in the fleet, since the year 1990, with important deviations between countries. In Europe now there are more than 100 million diesel cars running and the number is twice as many as in the rest of the world. And their NOx productions are however 4 to 7 times greater on the road than in official documentation tests. Modern engine controls have been improved by producers for the precise laboratory testing but flounder in real-driving. And this new study calculates the number of early deaths due to the excess NOx emissions for the population in all the European countries.
If the health effects of the NOx emissions calculated then about 425, 000 premature deaths annually due to the air pollution in EU28, Norway, and Switzerland. More than 90% of these premature deaths are caused by respiratory and cardiovascular diseases linked to exposure to fine particulate matter. This new study estimates that approximately 10, 000 premature deaths annually can be credited to NOx releases from diesel cars, vans, and light commercial vehicles. Around 5, 000 premature annually deaths are just because of this NOx releases which is higher than limit values in real-world driving. And the cars which use petrol have the lower emissions.
Transportation expert at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) Mr. Jens Broken-Kleefeld said: “If diesel car emissions were as low as petrol car emissions, three-quarters or about 7, 500 premature deaths could have been avoided.”
The countries with the highest number of the premature death due to the fine particles from diesel cars, vans, and light commercial vehicles are Italy, France, and Germany. And the reason their large population and the main reason is the emissions from the diesel cars. And this risk per capita is almost double in Italy as in France.
The researcher Jan Eiof Jonson from the Norwegian Meteorological Institute says, “This reflects the very adverse pollution situation, particularly in highly populated Northern Italy.” And the countries with low risks are Norway, Finland, and Cyprus and these countries are at least fourteen times lower than the EU28+ average.
This study was done by the Norwegian Meteorological Institute with the help of International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis in Austria, and the Dept. Space, Earth & Environment at the Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden.